Cataract Removal Procedure
Each year, over 18 million cataract surgeries are performed around the world, making it one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures.
The surgery is generally a 15- to 30-minute outpatient procedure that is performed under local or topical anesthesia. You will be fully awake, but you will be comfortable and feel no pain. Typically, you will be asked to arrive an hour or so prior to your procedure and will be allowed to leave after a period of observation following your procedure.
Cataract Procedure Step by Step
Your surgeon will make a small incision in your eye, through which your cataract will be removed. To remove your cataract, your doctor will break it apart and extract it, a technique called phacoemulsification. An intraocular lens (IOL) will then be inserted through the same tiny incision into the lens capsule of your eye.
The IOL will be used to replace your cataract-affected natural lens. The lens is made of a material that is flexible, which allows the surgeon to fold and insert it through the small incision described in Step 1.
Once the catract is removed, and the IOL is in the proper position, light can once again travel unimpeded to the back of your eye and you should begin to notice an immediate improvement in your vision. Because this procedure is performed through an incision that is very small, patients are typically able to heal rapidly with little or no discomfort.